Curvatures of the chest and the spine are diverse. Most often observed are curvatures in the frontal plane. It is scoliosis, or a lateral curvature. The curvature in the anterior-posterior plane is called kyphosis. Sometimes the former and the latter occur – in this case it is called kyphoscoliosis.
Regardless of the form of such curvatures, all of them at first appear as a cosmetic defect, but only much later, usually, in adolescence or adulthood, complications become evident – as a pain in the spine and in the legs or dysfunction of the internal organs. Under such diseases, it is possible to correct the deformation and to stop the process of development of the curvature the chest only by performing a surgery. The conservative technique has not proved its worth.
The widespread belief that the surgical treatment should be started only after the end of the growth was justified in the last century, when there existed no structures that could grow simultaneously with the child. The situation has now changed. We have developed structures that have two fundamental characteristics:
This is due to the fact that our structures and methods of surgeries rely on the natural plasticity of the body, rather than try to adapt the spine to chirurgical tasks.
- They grow simultaneously with the child, and permit to perform surgeries on children from the age of 6-7 years old without any additional operations.
- They do not damage the spine, in contrast to all other known models. In addition, our structures surpass known methods with regard to the ability to correct the deformation and to preserve the achieved correction, and do not damage the natural function of the spine.
The causes of the emergence of curvatures of the chest (the spine, even if, from the point of view of anatomy, is a part of the chest) can be different diseases: infantile cerebral paralysis (ICP), neurofibromatosis, congenital malformations, etc. The curvature dynamics runs at roughly the same pattern and is not dependent of the disease. Scoliosis and kyphosis are just the symptoms, but not independent diseases.
Therefore, the principles of treatment of these symptoms are the same, regardless of the cause. Sometimes the cause of the lateral curvature (scoliosis) is unknown. Such scoliosis types are identified as a separate group of dysplastic, or idiopathic, scoliosis.